Android | Sending & Receiving Simple Data Between Apps

Exploring Kotlin

Less than 100 pages covering Kotlin syntax and features in straight and to the point explanation.

android-recyclerview-listadapter_files.png

Intent is a messaging object that can be used to start app components such activity within an app or to interact with other apps. Explicit intent is used to launch a specific app component while implicit intent specifies an action that can invoke other apps able to perform the action. Here we will see how to use intent to send and receive simple data between apps.

( 1 ) Sending Text to Other Apps

  • Using Intents and associated extras we can send data to other apps.
  • Intent specifies the action to be performed.
  • ACTION_SEND is used to send data from one activity to another.
  • Data type should be specified in the intent.
  • Android system identifies activities that can receive the data.
 fun send(){
    val sendIntent: Intent = Intent().apply {
        action = Intent.ACTION_SEND
        putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "Some text...")
        type = "text/plain"
    }

    val shareIntent = Intent.createChooser(sendIntent, null)
    startActivity(shareIntent)
}

android-recyclerview-listadapter_files.png

( 2 ) Receiving Text from Other Apps

  • Your app can also receive data from other apps.
  • Intent filters inform the system what intents an application component is willing to accept.
  • Intent filter is defined in app manifest, using the <intent-filter> element.
<intent-filter>
    <action android:name="android.intent.action.SEND" />
    <category android:name="android.intent.category.DEFAULT" />
    <data android:mimeType="text/plain" />
</intent-filter>
  • To read the content of the received intent in onCreate()
override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_receiving)

    val editText = findViewById<EditText>(R.id.editText)


    if(intent?.action == Intent.ACTION_SEND)
        editText.setText(intent.getStringExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT))
}

Source Code @ GitHub

Exploring Kotlin

Less than 100 pages covering Kotlin syntax and features in straight and to the point explanation.