Android | Creating Swipe Views with Tabs

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get-location You can navigate between sibling screens using horizontal finger gesture. This post shows you how to build swipe views and how to add tabs to action bar offering users a familiar interfaces.

Objectives

  1. Building an app with horizontal navigation between sibling screens “fragments”.
  2. Adding tabs to action bar for navigating between and identifying sibling screens in your app.

Environment, Tools & Library

  • Android Studio 3.1.4
  • Design Support Library com.android.support:design:27.1.1

( 1 ) Create new Android Project

Create new android application keep default options. This app is targeting API 19 or later

target_api

( 2 ) Build Swipe Views

  • To create swipe views use ViewPager widget.
  • Extends FragmentPagerAdapter to hold child views .
  • Create two fragments to be used as child views.

2.1 Add a element to your XML layout

activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <android.support.v4.view.ViewPager
        xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        android:id="@+id/viewPager"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent" />

</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>

2.2 Create two fragments

Create two fragment FirstFragment.java & SecondFragment.java

FirstFragment.java

package com.hmkcode.fragments;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import com.hmkcode.R;

public class FirstFragment extends Fragment {
    
    public FirstFragment() {}

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    }

    @Override
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater,
                             ViewGroup container,
                             Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        return inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_first, container, false);
    }
}

SecondFragment.java

package com.hmkcode.fragments;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import com.hmkcode.R;

public class SecondFragment extends Fragment {

    public SecondFragment() {}

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    }

    @Override
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater,
                             ViewGroup container,
                             Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        return inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_second, container, false);
    }
}

fragment_first.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:text="First Fragment"
        android:gravity="center"/>

</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>

fragment_second.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">
    
    <TextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:text="Second Fragment"
        android:gravity="center"/>

</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>

2.3 Extends FragmentPagerAdapter to hold child views

  • Adapter is a container for child views which needs to be hooked to ViewPager layout.
  • There are two types of PagerAdapter 1.FragmentPagerAdapter for fixed small number of pages. 2.FragmentStatePagerAdapter for undetermined number of pages. It destroys fragments as the user navigates to other pages, minimizing memory usage.

MyFragmentPagerAdapter.java

package com.hmkcode.adapters;

import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentManager;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentPagerAdapter;
import com.hmkcode.fragments.FirstFragment;
import com.hmkcode.fragments.SecondFragment;

public class MyFragmentPagerAdapter extends FragmentPagerAdapter {


    public MyFragmentPagerAdapter(FragmentManager fm) {
        super(fm);
    }

    @Override
    public Fragment getItem(int position) {
        switch (position) {
            case 0:
                return new FirstFragment();
            case 1:
                return new SecondFragment();
            default:
                return null;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public int getCount() {
        return 2;
    }
}

Put it all together!

MainActivity.java

package com.hmkcode;

import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.support.v4.view.ViewPager;
import android.os.Bundle;
import com.hmkcode.adapters.MyFragmentPagerAdapter;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    MyFragmentPagerAdapter myFragmentPagerAdapter;
    ViewPager viewPager;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        viewPager = (ViewPager) findViewById(R.id.viewPager);

        setPagerAdapter();
    }

    private void setPagerAdapter(){
        myFragmentPagerAdapter = new MyFragmentPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
        viewPager.setAdapter(myFragmentPagerAdapter);
    }

}

android-tabs

( 3 ) Adding Tabs

While you can swipe between screens using horizontal finger gesture, android also offers tabs to switch between screens.

  • To create swipe views use TabLayout widget.
  • Attached pager adapter to tablayout using setupWithViewPager() method.

gradel.build (app)

implementation ‘com.android.support:design:27.1.1’

activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <android.support.v4.view.ViewPager
        xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        android:id="@+id/viewPager"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent" />

    <android.support.design.widget.TabLayout
        android:id="@+id/tabLayout"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        app:tabMode="fixed"
        app:tabGravity="fill"/>

</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>

MainActivity.java

package com.hmkcode;

import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.support.design.widget.TabLayout;
import android.support.v4.view.ViewPager;
import android.os.Bundle;
import com.hmkcode.adapters.MyFragmentPagerAdapter;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    MyFragmentPagerAdapter myFragmentPagerAdapter;
    ViewPager viewPager;
    TabLayout tabLayout;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {

        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);


        viewPager = (ViewPager) findViewById(R.id.viewPager);
        tabLayout = (TabLayout) findViewById(R.id.tabLayout);

        setPagerAdapter();
        setTabLayout();

    }

    private void setPagerAdapter(){
        myFragmentPagerAdapter = new MyFragmentPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
        viewPager.setAdapter(myFragmentPagerAdapter);
    }

    private void setTabLayout() {
        tabLayout.setupWithViewPager(viewPager);

        tabLayout.getTabAt(0).setText("First");
        tabLayout.getTabAt(1).setText("Second");
    }
}

android-tabs

Source Code @ GitHub

Exploring Kotlin

Less than 100 pages covering Kotlin syntax and features in straight and to the point explanation.